British Government and Human Rights: Carbon offset plans linked to murders in Honduras
End of campaign: May 20, 2014
The Honduran plantation company Grupo Dinant is looking for funds from the carbon markets even though they have been implicated in 16-25 assassinations of peasants in 2010 alone. During the first three months of this year, they have been linked again to violent attacks and kidnapping. Unless the British Government stops the sale of those carbon credits, which they can do, the company will further increase their profits and thus be able to pay even more armed paramilitaries and to continue oppressing the peasant communities that are reclaiming lands which are legally theirs. Please ask the British government to stop this deal.Call to action
Grupo Dinant invests heavily in palm oil, amongst other business activities. In Honduras, a country ruled by a violent and illegitimate regime, the company is notorious for its violence against peasants in the Bajo Aguán valley, committed with the regime's complicity and with the help of privately hired death squats, the military and the police.
The carbon credits would be paid through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), a controversial carbon offset scheme set up by the United Nations under the terms of the Kyoto Protocol. Under this scheme, polluting companies in the North – in this case the French energy company EDF Trading- can avoid having to reduce their own carbon emissions by buying certificates from projects in the South which are supposed to reduce carbon emissions there.
Grupo Dinant is one of the companies seeking to be paid through CDM carbon credits by EDF Trading, a leading purchaser of carbon offsets, with large investments in coal and nuclear power. The projects in question involve biogas capture at two palm oil mills owned by Grupo Dinant.
Under CDM rules, human rights are being ignored entirely, which is scandalous. Yet the British government can stop both projects by withdrawing their authorisation. The UK has ratigied the European Convention on Human Rights the UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights.
On 4th February, 76 organisations sent and Open Letter to the UK's Department of Energy and Climate Change. Two months on, the Government has still not acted and has not withdrawn their authorisation for the projects. Every day that they delay such an action makes it more likely or Grupo Dinant to be paid through the CDM. Please write to the UK Government today and ask them to immediately cancel their authorisation for both projects. An automatic copy of you letter will be sent to EDF Trading, too.Letter
Chris Huhne, Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
Alan Wyper, UK DNA team
Chief Executive EDF Trading
Dear Mr Huhne,
I am deeply concerned about the UK Government's authorisation for two proposed Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects under which EDF Trading would earn carbon offsets from biogas production at two palm oil mills in Honduras, owned by Grupo Dinant's subsidiary Exportadora de Atlantico. The projects in question are called "Aguan biogas recovery from Palm Oil Mill Effluent ponds and biogas utilisation" and Lean Biogas recovery from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) ponds and biogas / biomass utilisation”.
In 2010 alone, between 16 and 25 peasants were assassinated in land conflicts involving Grupo Dinant, in the Bajo Aguan region. Human rights abuses have continued in the first quarter of this year, with violent attacks and the kidnapping of a peasant activist and journalist. Paramilitaries hired and armed by Grupo Dinant's owner, Miguel Facusse, as well as police and military have been involved in the attacks and assassinations and have been acting with complete impunity since the military coup in 2009. The site of one of the proposed CDM projects is a palm oil mill used last April as a site where paramilitaries, military and police forces were stationed and from which they reportedly intimidated local communities and even fired bullets at a ten year old girl. Those human rights abuses have been documented by several national and international organisations.
The CDM Board states that, under CDM rules, they cannot take human rights impacts of projects into account, which seems scandalous.
Yet, as the authorising authority, the UK Government can stop both projects by withdrawing their authorisation, in accordance with their international human rights obligations. 76 organisations worldwide called on the Government to do so in an Open Letter submitted on 4th February: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/biofuelwatch/message/4568. Yet the Government has not acted on this request and every day that the authorisations are not withdrawn makes CDM funding for Grupo Dinant more likely. Such CDM funding would further increase the profits of a company known to use their funds to hire and arm paramilitaries, almost certainly including death squads previously involved in murders in Colombia.
I would therefore ask you to ensure that authorisation for those projects is withdrawn. We also call on EDF Trading to withdraw from the project immediately. Many thanks in advance.