EPA must not approve palm oil!

Karmele Llano is holding a primate whose rainforest has been destroyed for palm oil Animals lose their habitat because of the deforestation for palm oil (Photo: Tantyo Bangun) (© Tantyo Bangun)
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End of campaign: May 20, 2014

Demand the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) not overturn their recent decision that palm oil should not be included in the Renewable Fuel Standard

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has determined that palm oil should not be included in the Renewable Fuel Standard because of the substantial environmental damage created by palm oil production.

According to a notice published in the Federal Register, palm oil-based biodiesel fails to meet a requirement that renewable fuels offer a 20 percent reduction in emissions relative to conventional gasoline.

The palm oil industry is vigorously attacking the EPA's conclusion, alleging it's based on inaccurate scientific assessments.

The industry has hired powerful lobbyists like the law firm Holland & Knight to try and overturn the EPA's finding that palm oil-based biofuels do not meet the greenhouse gas standards of the Federal Renewable Fuels mandate.

Indonesia is the world's largest palm oil producer. The widespread deforestation created by palm oil plantations has made Indonesia the world's third largest contributor of green house gases and has led to the mass killing of critically endangered species including orangutans, Sumatran rhinos, and Sumatran elephants.

More information

EPA staff were invited to Indonesia to see palm oil operations there but they were only shown the operations of the cleanest producer in Indonesia. It was a sham! It is extremely important that we support the EPA's initial assessment of palm oil as a non-renewable biofuel.

Please tell the EPA to stand by their decision that palm-based biofuels DO NOT meet the greenhouse gas standards of the Federal Renewable Fuels mandate!


All biofuels including ethanol produced in the US have similar catastrophic impacts on the environment and people. Please read

Associated Press The secret environmental cost of the US Ethanol policy

New York Times The Year the Monarch Didn't Appear

Public Hearing for the 2014 Standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard Program in Washington, DC on December 5, 2013.

Federal Register: Notice of Data Availability Concerning Renewable Fuels Produced From Palm Oil Under the RFS Program

More articles about EPA and palm oil on Mongabay

Palm oil does not meet U.S. renewable fuels standard, rules EPA

Palm oil industry lobbies EPA to reverse palm oil biofuel findings

Palm oil industry hires lobbying powerhouse to overturn EPA ruling on biofuels



To: Mr Aaron Levy, Office of Transportation and Air Quality; Ms Gina McCarthy, Assistant Administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation; Ms Lisa P. Jackson, Administrator of the U.S. EPA; Mr Paul Argyropoulos, Senior Policy Advisor

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Dear Mr Levy and Argyropoulos, Ms Jackson and McCarthy

I am very concerned about the palm oil industry giants hiring of lobbying firm Holland & Knight to attack your conclusion that palm-based biofuels do not meet the green house gas standards of the Federal Renewable Fuels mandate.

The EPA has concluded that palm oil-based fuels may have lower emissions, but the difference isn’t big enough to meet the Renewable Fuels Standard. Scientific studies have shown that palm oil as a biofuel is much worse than traditional fossil fuels from a climate standpoint especially when Indirect Land Use Change( ILUC ) from carbón rich peatlands is calculated into the emissions.

I do not want the United States to contribute to greater rainforest destruction, wildlife extinction and displacement of Indigenous communities. Please let the overwhelming scientific evidence weigh over the political maneuvering of industry lobbyists and continue to reject palm oil as an option for our nation's renewable fuels mandate.



The issue – rainforest on our dinner tables and in our fuel tanks

At 66 million tons annually, palm oil is the most commonly produced vegetable oil. Its low world market price and properties that lend themselves to processed foods have led the food industry to use it in half of all supermarket products. Palm oil can be found in frozen pizzas, biscuits and margarine, as well as body creams, soaps, makeup, candles and detergents.

Few people realize that almost half of the palm oil imported into the EU is used as biofuel. Since 2009, the mandatory blending of biofuels into motor vehicle fuels has been a major cause of deforestation.

Oil palm plantations currently cover more than 27 million hectares of the Earth’s surface. Forests and human settlements have been destroyed and replaced by “green deserts” containing virtually no biodiversity on an area the size of New Zealand.

The impact – suffering and death in producer countries, climate havoc

The warm, humid climate of the tropics offers perfect growth conditions for oil palms. Day after day, huge tracts of rainforest in Southeast Asia, Latin America and Africa are being bulldozed or torched to make room for more plantations, releasing vast amounts of carbon into the atmosphere. As a consequence, Indonesia – the world’s largest producer of palm oil – temporarily surpassed the United States in terms of greenhouse gas emissions in 2015. With their CO2 and methane emissions, palm oil-based biofuels actually have three times the climate impact of traditional fossil fuels.

Palm oil is not only bad for the climate: As their forest habitat is cleared, endangered species such as the orangutan, Borneo elephant and Sumatran tiger are being pushed closer to extinction. Smallholders and indigenous people who have inhabited and protected the forest for generations are often brutally driven from their land. In Indonesia, more than 700 land conflicts are related to the palm oil industry. Human rights violations are everyday occurrences, even on supposedly “sustainable” and “organic” plantations.

As consumers, we are largely unaware of these broader issues, yet our daily palm oil consumption also impacts our health: refined palm oil contains large amounts of harmful fatty acid esters that are known to damage DNA and cause cancer.

The solution – a revolution on our dinner tables and in our fuel tanks

Only 70,000 orangutans still roam the forests of Southeast Asia, yet the EU’s biofuels policy is pushing them to the brink of extinction. Every new plantation on Borneo is destroying a further piece of their habitat. Stepping up the pressure on policymakers is a must if we want to save our tree-dwelling kin. Apart from that, however, there is still a lot we can do in day-to-day life.

Follow these simple tips to recognize, avoid and combat palm oil:

  1. Enjoy a home-cooked meal: Use your imagination: why not try almond-coconut-pear biscuits? Or pizza with potato and rosemary? A meal cooked from fresh ingredients beats processed foods containing palm oil every time. Oils such as sunflower, olive, rapeseed or flaxseed are ideal for cooking and baking.
  2. Read labels: As of December 2014, labeling regulations in the EU require food products to clearly indicate that they contain palm oil. However, in the case of non-food items such as cosmetics and cleaning products, a wide range of chemical names may still be used to hide the use of palm oil. A quick check of your favorite search engine will turn up palm oil-free alternatives, however.
  3. Remember that the customer is king: Ask your retailers for palm oil-free products. Write product manufacturers and ask them why they aren’t using domestic oils. Companies can be quite sensitive to issues that give their products a bad name, so inquiring with sales staff and contacting manufacturers can make a real difference. Public pressure and increased awareness of the problem have already prompted some producers to stop using palm oil.
  4. Sign petitions and write your elected representatives: Online campaigns put pressure on policymakers responsible for biofuels and palm oil imports. Have you already signed all of Rainforest Rescue’s petitions?
  5. Speak out: Protest marches and creative action on the street raise public and media awareness of the issue, which in turn steps up the pressure on policymakers.
  6. Leave your car at home: Whenever you can, walk, ride a bicycle or use public transport.
  7. Be informed and inform others: Big Business and governments would like us to believe that biofuels are good for the climate and that oil palm plantations are sustainable. Spread the word – share this information with your family and friends and encourage them to rethink their consumption habits. It’s in our hands!